Bacterial Vaginosis

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The greatest challenge to diagnosing bacterial vaginosis (BV) is that the majority of cases will have no symptoms, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If an infection is suspected, a diagnosis can be made with tests that check for bacterial overgrowth in the vagina. The evaluation would also include a pelvic exam, an analysis of vaginal secretions, and a pH test to check for vagina acidity.

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Bacterial Vaginosis (BV):

  • Atopobium  vaginae
  • Bacteroides fragilis
  • BVAB2
  • Gardnerella vaginalis
  • Lactobacillus  (L. gasseri, crispatus)
  • Lactobacillus iners
  • Lactobacillus jensenii
  • Megasphaera 1
  • Megasphaera 2
  • Mobiluncus curtisii
  • Mobiluncus mulieris
  • Prevotella bivia

Antibiotic Resistance Gene Class (ABR):

  • Beta-lactamase – Class A type
  • Beta-lactamase – Class C type (AmpC)
  • Beta-Lactamase – Class D type (Carbapenemase / Oxacillinase)
  • Beta-Lactamase – KPC type (Carbapenemase)
  • Extended Spectrum Beta-lactamase (ESBL)
  • Macrolides [Mycins]
  • Methicillin (mecA)
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Tetracyclines
  • Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
  • Vancomycin